India is ready to host the UN biodiversity summit bringing together more than 1,200 delegates from over 110 countries to discuss the alarming decrease in the migratory species in Gandhinagar in Gujarat.
The primary motive is to reduce the infrastructural effects on the migratory species and joining the Gobi bear, the only bear living in the desert, the Persian leopard and the urial, a wild sheep, in the Central Asian mammal species for their protection.
In the biodiversity conservation, the Asian elephant, the great Indian bustard, and the Ganges river dolphin are likely to get pre-eminence.
The infrastructural units like roads, railway tracks, fences hinder the independent movements of these animals. They either get hit while crossing the roads or get caught in the wired fences and die. The barriers, thus, are a hindrance to the native habitat of the animals, leading to genetic isolation, driving populations to local extinction.
At this 13th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS COP13), the delegates will discuss how to reduce the barriers and consider the need for guidance and implementation tools.
CMS is the only United Nations treaty that addresses migratory species and their habitats.
The theme of the UN wildlife conference dedicated to migratory species will be, ‘Migratory species connect the planet and together we welcome them home.’
It will end on February 22nd.
With the global increase in infrastructural development, the measures to conserve migratory animals are extremely urgent.
Even the aquatic species are in danger due to coastal developments like hotels, restaurants, and roads. Turtle nesting beaches are at risk while beaches, seawalls and oil platforms also degrade turtle habitats.
The anticipated results of the CMS COP13 are political commitments, negotiated decisions, new initiatives and including 10 new species for protection under the CMS. The new species will include the Asian elephant, the jaguar, the great Indian bustard, and the smooth hammerhead shark.