With the growing fear of Coronavirus in India, the country reports its 31st case today. However, one thing to keep in mind is also that it is the time when seasonal influenza is reported widely.
Since the symptoms are very much alike, one can find it difficult to figure out the difference in both cases. The COVID-19 scare has led everyone to visit doctors even when they are suffering from common cold, cough, and fever.
There are few distinctions that one can keep in mind while assessing the real reason behind the suffering.
Similarities between Coronavirus and common flu:
-Occasional vomiting and diarrhea.
-Can be mild or fatal
-Can result in pneumonia
-Both the infections are communicable, i.e. spreads by contact—sneezing, coughing, talking, touch.
-Treatment procedure has no specific dose of antibiotics which might work on other bacterial infections.
-Both of these need extensive care, precaution, hospitalization, and support, such as mechanical ventilation.
Coming to the differences, the reason behind the common flu are different types of influenza viruses whereas, coronavirus infection is caused due to the COVID-19 virus which is also called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2).
Vaccinations are available for the common flu, however, no vaccine is effective to prevent the COVID-19 infection.
Special concerns arise in cases of people who have had a travel history to the infected countries like, Iran, China, South Korea, Italy and in case one has been in contact with a person who has had a travel history.
Steps to follow if based on the above observation an individual assesses COVID-19 infection
–Contact Union Health Ministry’s 24*7 helpline number (011-23978046) or contact via email@example.com.
-Following the call or mail, district surveillance will visit you shortly and as per the test, he/she will transport you to the required hospital for an official test.
-A special ambulance system has been introduced by the government, especially, for the suspected cases which will then transport the patient to the hospital.
-The doctors at the hospital will take the samples and asses the physical health of the patient and then decide whether hospitalization is necessary. One can also be advised for home isolation as per the diagnosis.
-If a person tests positive for the virus, she/he will be quarantined for at least 14 days, till recovery.
Basic precautionary measure to be taken to avoid the COVID-19 infection:
-WASH HANDS FREQUENTLY
-AVOID CROWDED PLACES
-AVOID TOUCHING EYES AND NOSE
-PRACTICE RESPIRATORY HYGIENE
-WEAR A MASK
-AVOID CLOSE CONTACT WITH PEOPLE WHO ARE SICK
-COVER YOUR MOUTH WHILE COUGHING OR SNEEZING WITH A TISSUE
People at higher risks:
-People suffering from chronic diseases like diabetes, chronic lung disease
-A weak immune system like cancer patients, transplant patients